Farmer work verry hard for long time under the sun and rain in the ricefield. When the harvestseason is over and rice is saved in the barn, they arrange ceremony calls tammboon. The word tammboon means give, donate which people give away food to monk and poor people. The purpose of giving is to bless their family.
Maka means 3:rd month. In lunar calendar called Makamass or Makabucha jaturongka- sunnibaht. Makabucha day is the fullmoon day in 3rd month. The celebration of Makaboocha celebrated for the first time under King Rama IV time.
March New year eve (The old new year eve)
New year eve ceremony starts the day before fulmoon in the 4:th month and go on untill the day after fullmoon. The purpose of ceremony is give oppertunity for people to think about age and the year that is going to go by. People do fireworks, play drums, ring bells to chase away the evils. In the old time people help each other clean houses, temple, public places, waiting for the comming new year.
Den 13:th April is the begining day, 14:th is middle day (New year eve) and the 15:th is The New year day. Songkrann is entertain ceremony in 5th month, the resting period for the farmers. Time for them to enjoy and have fun before the next work season begin. People pour water on each other, which symbolize blessing them and wish them good luck in the comming new year.
Wisakabucha means 6:th month or calls wisakamas. King Rama II started ceremony for the first time in PS 2360. (Beginning of Ratanagosin dynasty), and it went on untills today. In Sukothai period people arranged ceremony on the fullmoon day in 6th month. People go to temple and tammboon early in the morning. Houses were decorated with color lamps, incenses, flowers and light candles when the night time comes.
June before "Kaowpansa"
The 7th month. Folk mould candles and decorate them very beautiful and give them away to monks to use in Kaowpansa period, The monks stay in the temple under rain period. People go in line, some of them dance , play music, drums and carry candles all the way to the temple. Tradition began since begining of Ratanagosin dynasty and continues until today.
Pansa means rain or rain period. Kaowpansa season starts from the first waning noon (darkmoon) in 8th month, which is july of every year. In Kaowpasa give all people up from sin and try to keep their soul clean and do only good things. Folk go to temple to Tammboon.
Gonjuk is a very old tradition. When children were one month old, the parents would shave their hair. The hair called phomfire. When hair grew back they would set up their hair in the middle of theirs head for both boys and girls, which symbolized that children were clean and innocence and adult could give them good advices, be kind to them, and tough them the good ways. When girls were 11 years old and the boys were 13 years old parents arranged ceremony for them and cut their hair or just let the hair down. It calls Gonjuk, which means that they would become adult. (Gon=Shave, juk= the hair that set up in the middle of the head)
Saht means fall which the leaves fall down. Ceremony begin at the end of 10:th month. Folk go to temple and tammboon, which people take special foods with them for example Kaowmatupayaht, Kaowyaku, Kaowtip, Grayasaht and bananas. People always cook a lot of Grayasaht and share it with neighbour and someone they know. People celebrate Saht ceremony because of the joy of the rice on the field is grown, which rice grain start to grow from rice grasses, and rice grain contain milk.The food calls Kaowmatuyaht ingridence is rice grain that contain milk inside. It reminds us about religion class that Buddha ate kaowmatupayaht before he found Nirwana.
Thodgrathin ceremony started since Sukothai period and it go on untill today. The period starts from the first darkmoon in 11:th month and continue to fullmoon night calls sip ha kamm in 12:th month. Thodgratin is entertainment ceremony, folk go to temple for tammboon and then have fun at the same time. Ceremony celebrated people when the farmers finsihed the planting of rice saplingller and they are still small, so the people have time to enjoy themselfs before harvest season is comming. People collect and arranges Gratin, which is one kind of plant that people hang money on it. They take Gratin and money to tammboon somewhere else, which give people oppertunities to travel and meet new people and have have fun at the same time.
(fullmoon "15 kamm" 12:th month)
The water level in rivers is high, the weather is good after rain peroid is over. The people make Kratong, some sort of container made of bananasleave and decorate so beautiful with flowers, insences and candles. After sunset people dress up and takes Kratong with them. They light candles, insences in kratong and then let them float out with the water stream. The purpose of this ceremony is , people show theirs respect to water's goddess and beg for forgivness once a year that they used water. That perioden is productive period, We have rice in the field and fish in the rivers, which thailander use to say "Me kaow nai na mee pra nai hnong", means " there is rice in fields and there is fish in the rivers", It means that year is the productive year.
December Truht Leng Kaownoom Buang
Truth = Ceremony, Leng = invite, Kaownoom Buang = a kind of food with shrimpinside. Invitation to Kaownoom Buang is the ceremon's name. It has to be in winter when water in rivers sink and there are a lot of shrimps in there. In the old time, under King Rama IV folk used to say if which woman could cook Kaownoom Buang, bend Dimsumleave, gamut plum and bend long betel, and then that woman is worth 10 chung, chung is unit of money = 800 baht, which means she has every good quality. In that time we had difference way to count money.
4 salung = 1 baht (25 satang = 1 salung)
4 baht = 1 tammlung (100 satang = 1 baht)
20 tammlung = 1 chung